Allopurinol Alphapharm

allopurinol

Allopurinol Alphapharm Tablets 300mg Aust R: 17708
Allopurinol Alphapharm Tablets 100mg Aust R: 27969
* Drug image may differ. Please consult with your healthcare professional for further information

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM

allopurinol

CONSUMER MEDICINE INFORMATION

What is in this leaflet

This leaflet answers some common questions about ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

All medicines have benefits and risks. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM against the benefits expected for you.or your child.

If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Keep this leaflet with your medicine.

You may need to read it again.

What ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM is used for

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM is used in the treatment of:

gouty arthritis or gout, a condition of painful swollen joints caused by uric acid crystals

kidney stones

other rare conditions where high levels of uric acid occur in the blood, for example Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM helps to treat the symptoms of these conditions but will not cure them. It will not help treat the pain that occurs in an acute attack of gout.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM belongs to a group of medicines called anti-uricaemic agents. These medicines reduce the amount of uric acid in the body, therefore helping to prevent the formation of deposits of uric acid crystals. Most commonly, high levels of uric acid in the body are related to gout. Excess amounts of uric acid in the blood may lead to the development of crystals which deposit in the joints, causing pain, swelling and tenderness.

Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM has been prescribed for you.

Your doctor may have prescribed ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM for another reason.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM is available only with a doctor's prescription.

There is no evidence that ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM is addictive.

Use in children

There is not enough information to recommend the use of this medicine for children.

Before you take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM

When you must not take it

Do not take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM if you are allergic to medicines containing allopurinol (e.g. Zyloprim) or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet, including lactose monohydrate.

Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include skin rash, itching or hives; swelling of the face, lips or tongue which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing or other parts of the body; wheezing or difficulty breathing; shortness of breath; muscle pain or tenderness or joint pain.

If you think you are having an allergic reaction, do not take any more of the medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at the nearest hospital.

Do not take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM if:

you or a member of your immediate family have haemochromatosis, a condition where there is too much iron in the body, and you are also taking iron salts at the same time.

you are having an acute attack of gout.

If a person first starts taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM when they are having an attack of gout it can make the symptoms of this condition temporarily worse. However, if an acute attack of gout does occur when a person is already taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM, it can be continued. Do not stop taking this medicine during an attack of gout unless advised by your doctor.

Do not take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM if the expiry date (EXP.) printed on the pack has passed.

If you take this medicine after the expiry date, it may not work as well.

Do not take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM if the packaging shows signs of tampering or the tablets do not look like the tablets described at the end of this leaflet.

Before you start to take it

Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any other medicines, foods, dyes or preservatives.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM during pregnancy.

Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or wish to breastfeed.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM passes into breast milk and may affect your baby. Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM when breastfeeding.

Tell your doctor if you have, or have had, any medical conditions, especially the following:

liver problems

kidney problems, including kidney stones

high blood pressure

heart failure or other heart problems

diabetes mellitus

epilepsy

cancers or tumours

conditions where the levels of uric acid are abnormally high

haemochromatosis (a disease involving excessive deposits of iron in the body)

thyroid problems.

Your doctor may want to take special care if you have any of these conditions.

Tell your doctor if you plan to have surgery.

If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you start taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you buy without a prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines may be affected by ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM, or may affect how well it works. These include:

some medicines used to treat high blood pressure or heart problems

aspirin and other salicylates

probenecid, a medicine used to treat gout or hyperuricaemia (high levels of uric acid in the blood)

warfarin (Coumadin, Marevan), a medicine used to prevent blood clots

azathioprine (e.g. Imuran) and ciclosporin (Neoral, Sandimmun), medicines used to prevent organ transplant rejection or to treat certain immune system problems

mercaptopurine monohydrate (Puri-Nethol), a medicine used in the treatment of leukaemia

chlorpropamide, a medicine for diabetes

phenytoin (Dilantin), a medicine for epilepsy

theophylline (Nuelin), a medicine used in asthma

antibiotics called amoxicillin (e.g. Amoxil, Moxacin) and ampicillin (Alphacin)

thiazide diuretics or fluid tablets (e.g. Dithiazide).

aluminium hydroxide, a medicine used to treat the symptoms of too much stomach acid

adenine arabinoside ('Vidarabine'), an anti-viral medicine

medicines used for cancer (e.g. cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin)

didanosine, used to treat HIV infection.

The above medicines may reduce the effectiveness of ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM, reduce its own effectiveness and/or react with ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM resulting in untoward or sometimes dangerous side effects.

The above list is not exhaustive. Your doctor can tell you what to do if you are taking any of these medicines.

If you are not sure whether you are taking any of these medicines, check with your doctor or pharmacist.

Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

How to take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM

Follow all directions given to you by your doctor and pharmacist carefully.

They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

If you do not understand the instructions on the bottle, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

How much to take

The dose varies from person to person. Your doctor will tell you how much to take.

The usual dose is 100 mg to 600 mg daily in divided doses (that is one 100mg tablet daily up to one 300mg tablet twice daily) but the dose may be as much as 900mg daily to treat very high blood levels of uric acid.

Elderly people over 65 years of age, and those with kidney and/or liver problems usually receive the lowest dose possible to control uric acid production.

Children under 15 years of age usually take 100 mg to 400 mg daily in divided doses.

Your doctor may advise you to take a different dose. This depends on your condition and whether or not you are taking any other medicines.

How to take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM

Swallow the tablets whole with plenty of water to reduce the possibility of gastric upset.

When to take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM

Take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM during or immediately after food at the frequency directed by your doctor.

Take your medicine at the same time each day. It will also help you remember when to take it,

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM is usually taken once a day. However, if your dose is higher than 300 mg a day, your doctor may advise you to take it morning and night.

If you forget to take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM

If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.

Otherwise, take the missed dose as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your tablets as you would normally.

Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you missed.

If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

If you have any questions about this, check with your doctor or pharmacist.

If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.

How long to take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM for

To properly control your condition, ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM must be taken every day.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM will not cure your condition but will help control pain, stiffness and other symptoms. It is important to keep taking your medicine even if you feel well.

Make sure you have enough to last over weekends and holidays.

Keep taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM for as long as your doctor recommends.

If you take too much ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM (overdose)

Immediately telephone your doctor, or the Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26), or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital, if you think you or anyone else may have taken too much ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.

You may need urgent medical attention.

If you take too much ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM, you may feel dizzy, nauseous, and experience vomiting and diarrhoea.

While you are taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM

Things you must do

Drink at least 2 litres (8 to 10 glasses) of fluid each day.

This will help to reduce the levels of uric acid in your body and prevent the formation of kidney stones.

Stop taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM immediately if you develop a skin rash or any other sign of an allergic reaction. Before starting any new medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist that you are taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

Tell all the doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon or anaesthetist that you are taking this medicine.

Tell your doctor if you have an acute attack of gout while you are taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

Your doctor may prescribe a medicine to relieve the acute attack. You can continue taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

If you become pregnant while taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM, tell your doctor immediately.

Visit your doctor regularly so they can check on your progress.

You may need to have blood or urine tests from time to time to make sure the medicine is working and to prevent unwanted side effects.

Tell your doctor if you feel ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM is not helping your condition.

If you continue to have painful attacks of gout your doctor may need to adjust your treatment.

Tell your doctor if, for any reason, you have not taken ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM exactly as prescribed.

Otherwise, your doctor may adjust your treatment unnecessarily.

Things you must not do

Do not take ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM to treat an acute attack of gout.

Your doctor will prescribe another medicine such as colchicine or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to relieve an acute attack of gout.

Do not use ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM to treat any other conditions unless your doctor tells you to.

Do not give ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.

Do not stop taking your medicine or lower the dosage without checking with your doctor.

If you stop taking it suddenly, your condition may worsen. If possible, your doctor will gradually reduce the amount you take each day before stopping the medicine completely.

Things to be careful of

Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM affects you.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM may cause drowsiness, dizziness or lack of co-ordination in some people. If any of these occur, do not drive, operate machinery or do anything else that could be dangerous.

Avoid drinking alcohol while taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

Combining ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM and alcohol can make you more sleepy, dizzy or lightheaded. Alcohol may also increase the formation of uric acid.

Certain foods are best avoided when you have gout.

Food such as organ meats, anchovies and yeast extracts (includes Vegemite®) can increase the levels of uric acid in your body. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more advice about which foods to avoid.

Side effects

Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM helps most people with gouty arthritis and kidney stones, but it may have unwanted side effects in some people.

Side effects only occur rarely in people taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM. Most of the time they are minor. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.

People with liver and kidney problems have an increased chance of experiencing side effects.

Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects.

You may not experience any of them.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.

The most common side effect is skin rash. Stop treatment with ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM immediately and contact your doctor if a rash does occur.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they worry you:

nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea

headache

drowsiness, dizziness, unsteadiness when walking

change in bowel habits

change in taste sensation

sleeplessness

hair loss or change in hair colour

Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following:

changes in vision

tingling or numbness of the hands or feet

a change in the amount of urine passed, going to the toilet more often or a burning feeling while passing urine

blood in your urine

yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)

generally feeling of being unwell or depressed

frequent infections such as fever, severe chills, sore throat or mouth ulcers

bleeding or bruising more easily

angina or palpitations

swelling of the hands, ankles or legs.

The above list includes serious side effects that may require medical attention.

If any of the following happen, stop taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM and tell your doctor immediately, or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital:

sudden or severe itching, skin flaking, skin rash or hives

swelling of the face, lips or tongue which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing

asthma, wheezing or shortness of breath

pain or tightness in the chest

fainting, seizures or fits

These are very serious yet rare side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.

Tell your doctor if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell.

Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. Some of these side effects (e.g. high blood pressure) can only be found when your doctor does tests from time to time to check your progress.

Check with your doctor as soon as possible if you have any problems while taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM, even if you do not think the problems are connected with the medicine or are not listed in this leaflet.

After taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM

Storage

Keep ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM where children cannot reach it.

A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Keep your tablets in the bottle until it is time to take them.

If you take the tablets out of the bottle they may not keep well.

Keep your tablets in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.

Do not store ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink.

Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Do not leave ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM in the car or on window sills.

Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Disposal

If your doctor tells you to stop taking ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM, or your tablets have passed their expiry date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any that are left over.

Product description

What it looks like

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM tablets are available 2 strengths:

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 100 - 9.5 mm white normal convex tablet marked "AL/100" on one side and "G" on the other

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 300 - 11 mm white normal convex tablet marked "AL/300 " on one side and "G" on the other.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 100 is available in bottles of 200 tablets. ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 300 is available in bottles of 60 tablets.

Ingredients

The active ingredient in ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM is allopurinol.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 100

Each ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 100 tablet contains 100 mg of allopurinol.

The tablets also contain:

lactose monohydrate

maize starch

povidone

macrogol 8000

sodium lauryl sulfate

purified talc

magnesium stearate.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 100 tablet contains galactose, sulfites and sugars as lactose.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 300

Each tablet ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 300 contains 300 mg of allopurinol.

The tablets also contain:

maize starch

povidone

maltodextrin

sodium starch glycollate

microcrystalline cellulose

magnesium stearate.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 300 tablet contains sulfites.

Supplier

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM is supplied in Australia by:

Alphapharm Pty Ltd trading as Viatris

Level 1, 30 The Bond

30 - 34 Hickson Road

Millers Point NSW 2000

www.viatris.com.au

Phone: 1800 274 276

Australian registration numbers:

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 100 - AUST R 27969

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM 300 - AUST R 17708

This leaflet was prepared in March 2024.

ALLOPURINOL ALPHAPHARM_cmi\Mar24/01

Sponsored and funded by

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MedAdvisor International Pty Ltd
ABN 40 161 366 589
Level 2, 971 Burke Road, Camberwell, VIC 3124 Australia

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